It is easy to collaborate, just type your text. You don't need to know HTML at all, though you can use it if you prefer. Links to topics will be created automatically as long as you follow these simple Text Formatting Rules. TextFormattingFAQ has answers to frequently asked questions about text formatting.


The Collaborative Work Area is a bunch of related links that are editable through your web browser.

The TWiki web has the following types of internal links:

  • GoodStyle is a topic that is part of the current TWiki web.
  • NotExistingYet? is a topic waiting to be written. You could create that topic by clicking on the question mark. (Do not create that topic, you would wreck this example!)
  • ReadmeFirst? is a topic in a different TWiki web. (You write it as Web.TopicName , but it will show up as TopicName )

External links:

  • http://..., https://..., ftp://... and mailto:...@... are linked automatically.
  • Email addresses like are linked automatically.


  • CapitalizedWordsStuckTogether will produce a link automatically.
  • Blank lines will create new paragraphs.
  • Words get bold by enclosing them in * asterisks
  • Words get italic by enclosing them in _ underscores
  • Words get bold italic by enclosing them in __ double-underscores
  • Words get shown in fixed font by enclosing them in = equal signs
  • Note for bold , italic , bold italic and fixed font text:
    • Make sure to "stick" the * _ = signs to the characters, e.g.
      • This works
      • _This does not get italic because there is a space between the last word and the underline character _
    • Example text to enter:
      • Writing *bold text* , _italic text_ and =fixed== monospaced text
    • Example text gets rendered as:
      • Writing bold text , italic text and fixed= monospaced text
  • Separator: at least four dashes at the beginning of a line: <-------->
  • List Item: 3 spaces and an asterisk: <   *>
  • Nested Item: 6 spaces and an asterisk: <      *>
  • Ordered List: 3 spaces and a number: <   1>
  • Definition: 3 spaces, the term, a colon, followed by the definition.
  • Table: Optional spaces followed by the cells enclosed in vertical bars: <   | cell 1 | cell 2 | cell 3 | ... |>


Most HTML tags will work, but it's almost always preferable not to use HTML, so that the markup remains easy for everyone to edit.


Variables are names that are enclosed in percent signs; they get expanded on the fly.

  • %WEB% : The current web, is TWiki .
  • %TOPIC% : The current topic name, is TextFormattingRules .
  • %ATTACHURL% : The attachment URL of the current topic. Example usage: If you attach a file to a topic you can refer to it as %ATTACHURL%/image.gif to show the URL of the file or the image in your text.
  • %INCLUDE{"SomeTopic"}% : Server side include, includes another topic. The current TWiki web is the default web. Example: %INCLUDE{"TWiki.TWikiWebsTable"}%
  • There are many more variables, see TWikiVariables.

Revision: r1.5 - 18 Aug 2000 - 06:50 - PeterThoeny?
TWiki > TextFormattingRules
Copyright © 1999-2019 by the contributing authors. All material on this collaboration platform is the property of the contributing authors.
Ideas, requests, problems regarding this material Send feedback